Course: Structure of Materials

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Course title Structure of Materials
Course code KMM/SMB
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Tutorial
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Kříž Antonín, Prof. Dr. Ing.
Course content
Basic characteristics of metallic and synthetic materials. Optical properties, hardness-related properties and properties related to the structure and morphology of the material. Phase diagrams. Types of internal structures of materials. Preparation of samples. Microscopic methods, reflection photometry, microhardness testing. Subsidiary diagnostic methods. Structures of metals and alloys. Structures of aggregates of metalliferrous minerals. Structures of synthetic materials. Structures of coatings of synthetic materials. Contents of lectures: Characterizing structures of metallic and non-metallic materials. Relation between the structure and properties of materials. Internal structure of materials, atomic bonds in molecules and crystals. Typical properties of materials. Phases and phase transformation. Phases in solid metals and alloys. Structures of metals and alloys. Primary and secondary grains. Macrostructure and microstructure. Structures of cast and formed materials. Structures of welded joints. Testing of macrostructure and microstructure of materials. Material integrity inspections and flaw detection. Examination of chemical homogeneity of materials. Evaluation of macrostructure of material as a means of manufacturing technology inspection. Methods of examination of structures and phase transformations. Classification of methods. Preparation of samples for testing. Examination of (microstructure of) materials by microscopic methods. Inclusion content measurement. Measuring grain size in materials. Microstructure examination methods used for manufacturing process inspection (forming, heat treatment, welding). Light and electron microscopy. Principles and use. X-ray and electron beam methods for structure analysis. Microanalytical methods. Methods of investigation of phase transformations. Subsidiary diagnostic methods. Microhardness and nanohardness measurement. Structure of ferrous alloys ? phase diagrams. Structures of ferrous alloys ? equilibrium and non-equilibrium structures. Structures of technically important non-ferrous metals and alloys. Structures of systems with thin surface films. Structures of non-metallic materials. Contents of laboratory lessons: Physical principles of microscopy. Microscopic observation of metallographic sections, demonstration of various types of microscopes and modes. Optical system of a microscope. Microscopic observation of sections. Characteristic parameters of a metallographic microscope. Demonstration of grinding, polishing and etching. Illumination of metallographic samples. Polarized light, phase contrast. Types of metallographic microscopes. Metallographic image acquisition, negative and positive photographic processes. Macroscopic observation. Micro- and macrophotography. Assessment of inclusion content of metals and alloys. Microscopic measurement of grain size. Image analysis. Scanning electron microscopy. Transmission electron microscopy.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture, Practicum
  • Preparation for comprehensive test (10-40) - 20 hours per semester
  • Preparation for an examination (30-60) - 50 hours per semester
  • Preparation for laboratory testing; outcome analysis (1-8) - 8 hours per semester
  • Contact hours - 26 hours per semester
  • Practical training (number of hours) - 26 hours per semester
professional knowledge
Students should have a basic knowledge of chemistry (high school level) and basic knowledge of engineering, technology and properties od material.
learning outcomes
The subject will provide students with profound knowledge of basic properties of metallic materials and their end-use and application potential. Students will build on the whole spectrum of experience and information gained throughout the previous study to be able to assess the behaviour of materials and predict their properties.
teaching methods
assessment methods
Combined exam
Recommended literature
  • Craig, R.J.-Vaughan, J.D. Ore microscopy and ore petrography. N.Y., 1981.
  • Holý,M. a kol. Geochemie. Ostrava, 1993.
  • Jandoš, František; Gemperle, Antonín; Říman, Ríša. Využití moderních laboratorních metod v metalografii. Praha : SNTL, 1985.
  • Koutský, J.-Šmíd, J. Makroskopické a mikroskopické zkoušení ocelí. SNTL Praha, 1964.
  • Krauss, George. Steels : heat treatment and processing principles. Materials Park : ASM International, 2000. ISBN 0-87170-370-X.
  • Mills, Kathleen. ASM Handbook. Vol. 9, Metallography and microstructures. 8th ed. Materials Park : ASM International, 1998. ISBN 0-87170-015-8.
  • Pluhař, Jaroslav. Nauka o materiálech : Celost. vysokošk. učebnice pro skupinu stud. oborů Strojírenství a ostatní kovodělná výroba. 1. vyd. Praha : SNTL, 1989.
  • Vander Voort, G.F. Metallography Principles and Praktice. McGraw Hill Book Company, 1984.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester