Course: Philosophy of Science

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Course title Philosophy of Science
Course code KFI/FVF
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Seminar
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Fajkus Břetislav, Doc. PhDr. CSc.
  • Havlík Vladimír, PhDr. CSc.
  • Benda Libor, Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
These topics will be focused: The myth, philosophy, science, philosophy of science. Renaissance and the origin of Modern Ages science. The relationship between philosophy, epistemology and methodology of science. Paradigm of classical science (Newton, Descartes). Disagreement of empirism and rationalism. Formalization of philosophy of science. Tradition of inductivism and empirism. B. Russel and Cambridge school, Bayesianism. Logical positivism and logical empirism. Problem of demarcation and problem of observation. Falsification and hypothetical-deductive method (K. Popper). Conventionalism (E. Mach, H. Poincare and P. Duhem). Constructional philosophy of science (H. Margenau). Operationalism (P. Bridgeman, A. Rapoport, B. F. Skinner). Methodology of scientific researching programs (I. Lakatos). Scientific revolution and paradigm (T. S. Kuhn). Methodological anarchism in science (P. K. Feyerabend).

Learning activities and teaching methods
Seminar classes, Lecture
  • Contact hours - 52 hours per semester
  • Preparation for an examination (30-60) - 43 hours per semester
  • Undergraduate study programme term essay (20-40) - 35 hours per semester
prerequisite
professional knowledge
Course requires no special prior knowledge and skills.
learning outcomes
Students will be able to summarize and evaluate basic ideas and problems of philosophy of science. Philosophical views on science in particular historical progress will be presented to them. They will compare ideas and systems of most important philosophers, who influenced philosophy of science. They will learn how to work with basic technical terms of philosophy of science.
teaching methods
Lecture
Seminar classes
assessment methods
Combined exam
Seminar work
Recommended literature
  • Demjančuk, Nikolaj. Filosofie - kultura, věda, myšlení. 1.vyd. Plzeň : ZČU, 1997. ISBN 80-7082-296-1.
  • Fajkus, Břetislav. Současná filosofie a metodologie vědy. 1. vyd. Praha : Filosofia, 1997. ISBN 80-7007-095-1.
  • Feyerabend, Paul K. Tři dialogy o vědění. 1. vyd. Praha : Vesmír, 1999. ISBN 80-85977-04-4.
  • Fiala, Jiří. Analytická filosofie : první čítanka. 1. díl. Plzeň : Západočeská univerzita, 2000. ISBN 80-7082-611-8_.
  • Fiala, Jiří. Analytická filosofie : první čítanka. 2. díl. Plzeň : Západočeská univerzita, 2000. ISBN 80-7082-611-8.
  • Král, Miloslav. Změna paradigmatu vědy. 1. vyd. Praha : Filosofia, 1994. ISBN 80-7007-064-1.
  • Kuhn, Thomas S. Struktura vědeckých revolucí. 1. vyd. Praha : Oikoymenh, 1997. ISBN 80-86005-54-2.
  • Popper, Karl Raimund. Logika vědeckého zkoumání. 1. vyd. Praha : Oikoymenh, 1997. ISBN 80-86005-45-3.
  • Russell, Bertrand. Logika, věda, filozofie a společnost. 1. vyd. Praha : Svoboda-Libertas, 1993. ISBN 80-205-0219-X.
  • Tondl, Ladislav. Věda, technika a společnost : Soudobé tendence a transformace vzájemných vazeb. 1. vyd. Praha : Filosofia, 1994. ISBN 80-7007-051-X.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts Philosophy (13-4) Philosophy, theology 1 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts Philosophy (13-2,3) Philosophy, theology 1 Winter