Course: Methodology of 20th-century Science

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Course title Methodology of 20th-century Science
Course code KFI/FMVD
Organizational form of instruction Seminar
Level of course Doctoral
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Fajkus Břetislav, Doc. PhDr. CSc.
  • Demjančuk Nikolaj, Doc. PhDr. CSc.
Course content
This topics will be focused: The progress of methodological problems in 20th century, neopositivism and empirical verification, K. R. Popper and hypotheticaly-deductive method, historical conception of T. S. Kuhn, methodology of scientifical researching programs of I. Lakatos, methodological anarchism of P. K. Feyerabend, sociological reversal in philosophy of science, cognitivism and interdisciplinary procedures in scientifical knowledge, scientifical racionalism and instrumentalism, the progress of scientifical racionality, the term "truth" in modern science, social evaluation of scientifical and technical artefacts.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Textual studies, Lecture
  • Preparation for an examination (30-60) - 54 hours per semester
  • Contact hours - 26 hours per semester
  • Practical training (number of hours) - 50 hours per semester
professional knowledge
Course requires no special prior knowledge and skills.
learning outcomes
Students will be able to summarize and explain the position of science and technics in present society and also the relationship between philosophy and science in 20th century.They will examine and evaluate some of important theoretical systems of science in 20th century and their authors. They will learn to use technical terms, which are necessary for understanding and orientation in this theme.
teaching methods
Textual studies
assessment methods
Oral exam
Recommended literature
  • Demjančuk, Nikolaj. Filosofie a vědecké myšlení : proměna obrazu vědy v analytické tradici. 1. vyd. Dobrá Voda : Aleš Čeněk, 2002. ISBN 80-86473-19-8.
  • Fajkus, Břetislav. Filosofie vědy na zlomu století. Milénium vědy a filosofie Praha : Filosofia, 2002 . 2002.
  • Fajkus, Břetislav. Současná filosofie a metodologie vědy. 1. vyd. Praha : Filosofia, 1997. ISBN 80-7007-095-1.
  • Feyerabend, Paul. Rozprava proti metodě. Vyd. 1. Praha : Aurora, 2001. ISBN 80-7299-047-0.
  • Foucault, Michel. Diskurs, Autor, Genealogie : tři studie. Praha : Svoboda, 1994. ISBN 80-205-0406-0.
  • Hubík, Stanislav. Sociologie vědění : základní koncepce a paradigmata. 1. vyd. Praha : Sociologické nakladatelství, 1999. ISBN 80-85850-58-3.
  • Kováč, L. Potreba syntézy prírodných a kulturných vied. In: Vesmír 78.
  • Krämer, H. Zur Rekonstruktion der philosophischen Hermeneutik. In: Journal for General Philosophy of Science.
  • Kuhn, Thomas S. Struktura vědeckých revolucí. 1. vyd. Praha : Oikoymenh, 1997. ISBN 80-86005-54-2.
  • Meadows, Donella H.; Meadows, Dennis L.; Randers, Jörgen. Překročení mezí : konfrontace globálního kolapsu s představou trvale udržitelné budoucnosti. 1. vyd. Praha : Argo, 1995. ISBN 80-85794-83-7.
  • Popper, K. R. Logika vědeckého objevu. Praha, 2001.
  • Rouse, J. New Philosophies of Science in North America - Twenty Years Later. In: Journal for General Philosophy of Science.
  • Wolf, Josef. Člověk a jeho svět : úvod do studia antropologických věd : základní antropologické otázky : kulturní a sociální antropologie. 2. vyd. Praha : Karolinum, 1999. ISBN 80-7184-871-9.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts Theory and History of Science and Technology (11-1,2,3,4) Philosophy, theology 1 -
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts Theory and History of Science and Technology (11-1,2,3,4) Philosophy, theology 1 -