Course: Philosophy and Science

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Course title Philosophy and Science
Course code KFI/FAV3
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Seminar
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course Compulsory, Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Demjančuk Nikolaj, Doc. PhDr. CSc.
Course content
Naturphilosophy of I. Kant and foundations of experimental and mathematical sciences. Reflection of science in Critics of pure reason of I. Kant. Romanticism and getting over of Age of Reason. Theory of science of J. Fichte. Philosophy of nature of F. Schelling. Dialectics of G. Hegel. The advancement of science in 19th century (mathematics, physics, biology). The advancement of social science and humanities in 19th century (lingvistics, sociology, psychology). Science and positivism of Comte, Spencer, Mill. Conception of science in empiriocriticism (E. Mach). Neo-kantian conception of science. Differences between the Baden scholl of new-kantian philosophy and the Marburg school of new-kantian philosophy (H. Rickert, W. Windelband, H. Cohen, P. Natorp, E. Cassirer). Phenomenology and science (conception of E. Husserl and M. Scheler). Reflection of science in The crisis of european science and transcendental fenomenology of E. Husserl. Analytical philosophy and science. Philosophy of language of B. Russell and L. Wittgenstein. The advancement of science in 20th century. Matematics, logic. Physics. Biology. Humanities and social sciences in 20th century (lingvistics, psychology, sociology) and its reflections in fenomenology, existentislism, hermeneutics. Sociology of knowledge in philosophy (M. Scheler, C. Manheim).

Learning activities and teaching methods
Textual studies, Lecture, Seminar
  • Contact hours - 52 hours per semester
  • Presentation preparation (report) (1-10) - 10 hours per semester
  • Preparation for an examination (30-60) - 68 hours per semester
professional knowledge
Course requires no special prior knowledge and skills.
learning outcomes
Students will know important themes from history of science and philosophy of science of last two centuries. Students will be able to analyze different scientific and philosophical discursus, to interpret scientific discoveries, theories and hypotheses in the context of the culture.
teaching methods
Textual studies
assessment methods
Combined exam
Recommended literature
  • Curd, Martin; Cover, Jan A. Philosophy of science. the central issues. New York : W.W. Norton, 1998. ISBN 0-309-97175-9.
  • Demjančuk, Nikolaj. Filosofie a vědecké myšlení : proměna obrazu vědy v analytické tradici. 1. vyd. Dobrá Voda : Aleš Čeněk, 2002. ISBN 80-86473-19-8.
  • Demjančuk, Nikolaj. O povaze vědy : věda v kulturních kontextech. 1. vyd. V Plzni : Západočeská univerzita, 2010. ISBN 978-80-7043-921-0.
  • Demjančuk, Nikolaj. O povaze vědy: fenomenologie. 1. vyd. Praha : Epocha, 2011. ISBN 978-80-261-0044-7.
  • Demjančuk, Nikolaj; Profant, Martin,; Podhajský, Jiří. O povaze vědy : novokantovství. 1. vyd. Praha : Epocha, 2011. ISBN 978-80-261-0045-4.
  • Feyerabend, Paul. Rozprava proti metodě. Vyd. 1. Praha : Aurora, 2001. ISBN 80-7299-047-0.
  • Kuhn, Thomas S. Struktura vědeckých revolucí. 1. vyd. Praha : Oikoymenh, 1997. ISBN 80-86005-54-2.
  • Lakatos, I. The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. Cambridge, 1978.
  • Polanyi, Michael. Personal knowledge : towards a post-critical philosophy. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1974. ISBN 0-226-67288-3.
  • Popper, K. R. Objective Knowledge. Oxford, 1972.
  • Popper, Karl Raimund. Logika vědeckého zkoumání. 1. vyd. Praha : Oikoymenh, 1997. ISBN 80-86005-45-3.
  • Popper, Karl Raimund. Otevřená společnost a její nepřátelé II. Vlna proroctví: Hegel, Marx a co následovalo. Praha : ISE, 1994. ISBN 80-85241-54-4.
  • Putnam, H. Reason, Truth and History. New York, 1981.
  • Rescher, Nicholas. The limits of science. Pittsburgh : University of Pittsburgh Press, 1999. ISBN 0-8229-5713-2.
  • Toulmin, Stephen. Return to reason. Cambridge : Harvard University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-674-00495-7.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts European Cultural Studies (10-3) Philosophy, theology 2 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts Analytic Philosophy and Philosophy of Sciences (11-1,2,3) Philosophy, theology 2 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts European Cultural Studies (10-3) Philosophy, theology 2 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts European Cultural Studies (16-2) Philosophy, theology 2 Winter
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts European Cultural Studies (16-2) Philosophy, theology 2 Winter