Course: Sciences in Renaissance and Modern Times

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Course title Sciences in Renaissance and Modern Times
Course code KFI/FAV2
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Seminar
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory, Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Demjančuk Nikolaj, Doc. PhDr. CSc.
Course content
1. Cultural context of formation of modern science. Renaissance thinking and its main charakteristics. 2. Theoretical and philosophical assumptions of modern science (M. Cusa, Leonardo da Vinci, Erasmus of Rotterdam). 3.Picture of the universe, of nature, of man in the work of B. Telesio, G. Bruno, T. Campanella. 4. Revolution in Astronomy (M. Copernicus, Brahe, T., J. Kepler). 5. Formation of modern science in the work of Galileo Galilei, the paradoxes of his theoretical thinking. 6. Atomistic program of the 17th and 18th centuries (P. Gassendi, Ch. Hyugens, R. Boyle, R. Boskovich). 7. Scientific program, methodology of physics in the work of Newton. Influence of Newton's ideas on the culture of the 18th century. 8. Reflection of contemporary science in the empiricism of the 17th and 18th centuries (F. Bacon, J. Locke, T. Hobbes, J. Berkeley, D. Hume) 9. Reflection of contemporary science in the rationalism of the 17th and 18th century (R. Descartes, Spinoza B., P. Gassendi, B. Pascal, G. Vico) 10. The scientific program of G. Leibniz and his philosophical ideas, doctrine of the method and the disposition of nature. 11. Philosophy, Science and Society in the Age of Enlightenment. Reflection of science in the work of the Enlightenment (J. d'Alembert, D. Diderot, Condillac E., N. de Condorset J. La Mettrie, Holbach P., J. J. Rousseua, Ch. Wolff) 12. The institutional anchoring and forms of science and technology in modern times. Scientific communication.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Interactive lecture, Discussion, Seminar classes
  • Contact hours - 52 hours per semester
  • Presentation preparation (report) (1-10) - 26 hours per semester
  • Preparation for an examination (30-60) - 52 hours per semester
prerequisite
professional knowledge
Course requires no special prior knowledge and skills.
learning outcomes
Students will be albe to distinguish the main conditions of rise of the modern science. They explain the philosophical thoughts of the pivotal personalities of the modern science.
teaching methods
Interactive lecture
Discussion
Seminar classes
assessment methods
Oral exam
Individual presentation at a seminar
Seminar work
Recommended literature
  • Ball, P. Ďáblův doktor. Paracelsus a svět renesanční magie a vědy. Praha, 2009. ISBN 9788020016768.
  • Dear, P. Revolutionizing the Sciences. European Knowledge and Its Ambitions, 1500-1700. London, 2001.
  • Ebeling, F. Tajemství Herma Trismegista. Dějiny hermetismu. Praha, 2009. ISBN 978-80-86702-60-5.
  • Ferguson, Kitty. Tycho a Kepler : nesourodá dvojice, jež jednou provždy změnila náš pohled na vesmír. Vyd. 1. Praha : Academia, 2009. ISBN 978-80-200-1713-0.
  • Gaukroger, Stephen. The emergence of a scientific culture : science and the shaping of modernity, 1210-1685. Oxford : Clarendon Press, 2006. ISBN 0-19-929644-8.
  • Henry, J. The Scientific Revolution and the Origins of Modern Science. Palgrave Macmilllan, 2008.
  • Horský, Zdeněk. Kepler v Praze. Praha : Mladá fronta, 1980.
  • Horský, Zdeněk; Lelková, Iva. Koperník a české země : soubor studií o renesanční kosmologii a nové vědě. Červený Kostelec : Pavel Mervart, 2011. ISBN 978-80-87378-87-8.
  • Karpenko, Vladimír. Alchymie : nauka mezi snem a skutečností. Vyd. 1. Praha : Academia, 2007. ISBN 978-80-200-1491-7.
  • Koyré, Alexandre. Od uzavřeného světa k nekonečnému vesmíru. Vyd. 1. V Praze : Vyšehrad, 2004. ISBN 80-7021-586-0.
  • Kraus, Ivo. Fyzika od Thaléta k Newtonovi : kapitoly z dějin fyziky. Vyd. 1. Praha : Academia, 2007. ISBN 978-80-200-1540-2.
  • Lindberg, David C.; Westman, Robert S. Reappraisals of the scientific revolution. 1st pub. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-521-34804-8.
  • Nejeschleba, T. Jan Jessenius v kontextu renesanční filosofie. Praha, 2008. ISBN 978-80-7021-909-6.
  • Osler, Margaret J. Rethinking the scientific revolution. 1st pub. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-521-66790-9.
  • Park, Katharine; Daston, Lorraine. The Cambridge history of science. Vol. 3, Early modern science. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN 0-521-57244-4.
  • Priesner, Claus; Figala, Karin. Lexikon alchymie a hermetických věd. Vyd. 1. Praha : Vyšehrad, 2006. ISBN 80-7021-815-0.
  • Shapin, Steven. The scientific revolution. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1996. ISBN 0-226-75021-3.
  • White, Michael. Antikrist Galileo : životopis. Vyd. 1. Praha : Academia, 2011. ISBN 978-80-200-1899-1.
  • Yatesová, F. Giordano Bruno a hermetická tradice. Praha, 2009.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts European Cultural Studies (10-3) Philosophy, theology 1 Summer
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts European Cultural Studies (16-2) Philosophy, theology 1 Summer
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts Analytic Philosophy and Philosophy of Sciences (11-1,2,3) Philosophy, theology 2 Summer
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts European Cultural Studies (16-2) Philosophy, theology 1 Summer
Faculty of Philosophy and Arts European Cultural Studies (10-3) Philosophy, theology 1 Summer