Course: Organic Chemistry

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Course title Organic Chemistry
Course code KCH/OCH
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Seminar
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study 2
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Richtr Václav, Doc. Mgr. CSc.
Course content
1st lecture Introduction to the study of organic chemistry, history and development of organic chemistry. Types of organic compounds. Covalent bond, theory of molecular orbitals, single, double and triple bound. Writing chemical formulas. Models of organic molecules and their imaging. Isomerism, geometric isomerism (cis-trans, E / Z, syn-anti), optical isomerism, optical activity. Factors affecting covalent bonds (inductive effect, conjugation, Mesomeric effect). 2nd lecture Course of organic compound reactions (factors affecting the organic compound reactions, types of organic reactions, examples of reaction mechanisms). 3rd + 4 lecture Characterization and identification of organic compounds. (Isolation of the chemical individual, verification of purity, elementary analysis, determination of relative molecular weight. Principles of the physico-chemical methods of structure study, colourfulness of the compounds). 5th lecture + 6 lecture Hydrocarbons (alkanes, cykloalkanes, alkenes, alkynes, hydrocarbons with multiply bonds). Cyclic hydrocarbons with more cycles and cyclic hydrocarbons with multiply bonds. 7th lecture Alkyl halides, nitrocompounds, amines. 8th lecture Aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene structure, description of aromatic state, stabilization energy, the most important aromatic hydrocarbons). Electrophilic substitution (reagents, conditions and rules of electrophilic substitution). 9th lecture Substituted derivatives of aromatic hydrocarbons (halogenated derivatives, sulfonic acids, nitrocompounds, amines, phenols, carbonyl compounds, carboxylic acids, multifunctional aromatic compounds). 10th lecture Oxygenous derivatives (alcohols, ethers, esters of inorganic acids, carbonyl compounds, dicarbonyl compounds, ketenes, carboxylic acids, dicarboxylic acids, unsaturated mono-and dicarboxylic acids). 11th lecture Functional derivatives of carboxylic acids (Acyl halides, anhydrides, amides and imides, nitriles, esters, orthoestery). Substitution derivatives of carboxylic acids (halogenoacids, nitroacids, amino-acids, hydroxyacids, aldo- and keto-acids). Derivatives of carbonic acid. Derivatives of cyanic acid and isocyanic acid. 12th + 13. lecture Heterocyclic compounds (general characteristics, principles of nomenclature, the most important reactions of heterocyclic compounds, examples of syntheses). Note: The nomenclature of organic compounds is discussed as part of thematic units of the individual lectures. Seminars are conducted in response to issues lectured. Subject matter that is not lectured - natural compounds and antibiotics - students will prepare for the exam by self study from recommended literature and using tuitions. Study of the natural compounds includes: Saccharides (monosaccharides, oligosacharides, poly saccharides - the fundametals of saccharide chemistry, cyclic structure of saccharides). Lipids - general characteristics, classification, meaning. Amino acids (a-amino acids of proteins, their reactions and characteristics, peptide bond, peptides, polypeptides, proteins. Nucleic acids (structure and meaning). Terpenes (types of terpenes, the most important examples). Steroids (definition of notion, basic structures, examples of biologically important steroids). Alkaloids (definition of notion, examples of alkaloids). Natural dyes (colourfulness conditions, examples of dyes).

Learning activities and teaching methods
Lecture supplemented with a discussion, Lecture, Seminar
  • Contact hours - 65 hours per semester
  • Preparation for comprehensive test (10-40) - 40 hours per semester
  • Preparation for an examination (30-60) - 60 hours per semester
prerequisite
professional knowledge
popsat zákonitosti obecné chemie
orientovat se v základech středoškolské chemie (členění)
orientovat se v systému anorganické chemie (vztahy k periodickému systému prvků)
ovládat základy středoškolské organické chemie
professional skills
pracovat s odbornou literaturou
zaznamenávat průběh chemických reakcí
ovládat principy názvosloví na úrovni středoškolské chemie
orientovat se v dostupných informačních zdrojích
learning outcomes
professional knowledge
rozlišit mechanismy organicko-chemických reakcí
ovládat principy názvoslovného systému organické chemie
členit organické sloučeniny do jednotlivých homologických řad
professional skills
přiřadit název organické sloučeniny k zadanému vzorci a naopak
navrhnout přípravu sloučeniny na základě znalosti její struktury
sestavit model organické sloučeniny a předpovědět její vlastnosti
pracovat s informačními zdroji
teaching methods
professional knowledge
Lecture
Lecture supplemented with a discussion
Seminar
assessment methods
Combined exam
Test
Skills demonstration during seminar
Recommended literature
  • Červinka O., Dědek V., Ferles M. Organická chemie. SNTL/Alfa Praha, 1980.
  • Hrnčiar P. Organická chémia. SPN Bratislava, 1982.
  • McMurry, J. Organická chemie, VŠCHT Praha, 2007.
  • Pacák, Josef. Stručné základy organické chemie. Praha : SNTL, 1978.
  • Paleta, O.; Panchartek, J.; Trška, P.; Večeřa, M. Řešené úlohy z organické chemie. Praha: SNTL, 1981.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Education Geography in Education (15) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Health Education (14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Geography in Education (13) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Physics in Education (16) Physics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Chemistry in Education (15) Chemistry courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Physics in Education (15) Physics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Health Education (13) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Geography in Education (1) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Physical Education in Education (1) Physical education and sport 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Chemistry in Education (16) Chemistry courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Biology in Education (16) Biology courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Physics in Education (17) Physics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Information Technologies in Education (14) Informatics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Studies in Mathematics (16) Mathematics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education - (16) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Biology in Education (17) Biology courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Studies in Mathematics (15) Mathematics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Information Technologies in Education (15) Informatics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Studies in Mathematics (13) Mathematics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Physics in Education (13) Physics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Health Education (1) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Chemistry in Education (14) Chemistry courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Studies in Mathematics (17) Mathematics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education - (17) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Biology in Education (15) Biology courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Health Education (15) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Studies in Mathematics (1) Mathematics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Geography in Education (16) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Health Education (16) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Biology in Education (14) Biology courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Information Technologies in Education (13) Informatics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Information Technologies in Education (16) Informatics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Information Technologies in Education (17) Informatics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Physics in Education (14) Physics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Chemistry in Education (13) Chemistry courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Biology in Education (13) Biology courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Chemistry in Education (17) Chemistry courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Geography in Education (17) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education German Language in Education (17) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Studies in Mathematics (14) Mathematics courses 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Geography in Education (14) Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Winter
Faculty of Education Physical Education in Education (17) Physical education and sport 2 Winter