Course: Eastern Christendom

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Course title Eastern Christendom
Course code KBS/VKR
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Seminar
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Šašková Kateřina, Mgr. Th.D.
  • Tydlitátová Věra, Mgr. Th.D.
Course content
Introduction to the spirituality of eastern Christianity. Meaning of tradition, ortodoxy, ancienit oriental tradition, importance of liturgy for eastern Christianity. Importace of Ivona and sacred space. Difference of eastern and Latin Christianity. Christendom of the 1st century. Christian secession from Jerusalem. Oppression of Dominicianus. Didakhe and structure of Christian community. Polemics with Judaism. Docetism. Conflict with Greco-Roman world. Traianus, Hadrianus. Oppression of early christian communities during the last Jewish uprising. Christian apologetics and conversions. Gnosis and Gnosticism. Clement of Alexandria, credo of Gnosi. Relationship of Gnosi with Judaism and philosophy. Anti-Judaism and Markion. Enkratites and Ebionic Christianity. Montanism. Heretic trends vs. Christian orthodoxy. Early councils. Lucia, Marcus Aurelius, Origenes Christianity in Egypt of 2nd and 3rd century. Christianity in Carthag ? issue of apostesis. Eastern centers in 3rd century A.D. Bardaios and Mores bar Kefa Manichaeism Large oppressions of 4th century. Anti-Christian propaganda. First edicts against Christians. Tolerance edict of Galerius. Constantine and Konstantin and the end of oppression. Panegyrici Latini. The issue of alleged Constantine´s conversion. Edict of Milan. Restitution of Church possessions. Constantine´s support of African Christendom. Donatistic schism. Oppression of Donatists in Africa. Constantine and the Christian Codex Kodex Theodosianus. Struggle for Christian orthodoxy. Constantine and Christians. Christianity in the era of Julianus. Christendom out of Roman borders ? Armenia, Persia. Ascetic trends. Oppression of ascets. Movements of mysticism. Tradition of desert fathers. Macarius of Egypt, Gregor of Nyssa. Dionysius Aeropagita, Symeon, Isaac of Syria, Hesichius of Jerusalem. Origin of eastern liturgy - Jan Chrysostom. Chalcedon crisis. Nestorian movement. Expansion of Nestorians.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Self-study of literature, Lecture, Seminar
  • Contact hours - 52 hours per semester
  • Undergraduate study programme term essay (20-40) - 25 hours per semester
  • Preparation for an examination (30-60) - 53 hours per semester
professional knowledge
Course requires no special prior knowledge and skills.
learning outcomes
- Identify the places, persons and events important for the formation of eastern Christianity to its current diverse form. - Evaluate the influence of Jewish roots, helenism, Gnostic teachings and so-called ?heretic? teachings on the formation of character of current eastern churches. - Compare characteristics of eastern and western churches. - Explain the causes and pretexts of important theological conflicts and schisms of the early Christianity. - Introduce the development of religious teachings into the overall historical and political context
teaching methods
Self-study of literature
assessment methods
Written exam
Seminar work
Recommended literature
  • Rukopisy z Nag Hammádí. 1, Kodex II/2-7. Praha : Vyšehrad, 2008. ISBN 978-80-7021-875-4.
  • Atiya, Aziz Suryal. A history of Eastern Christianity. London, 1968.
  • Day, Peter D. The liturgical dictionary of eastern Christianity. Tunbridge, 1993.
  • Dvorník, František. Fotiovo schizma : historie a legenda. Olomouc : Refugium Velehrad-Roma, 2008. ISBN 978-80-86715-94-0.
  • Flusser, David. Esejské dobrodružství : židovské společenství od Mrtvého moře : čeho si lze povšimnout u Ježíše, Pavla, Didaché a Martina Bubera. Praha : OIKOYMENH, 1999. ISBN 80-86005-90-9.
  • Goodman, Martin. Judaism in the Roman World : collected essays. Leiden : Brill, 2006. ISBN 978-90-04-15309-7.
  • Harvey, Andrew. Teachings of the Christian Mystics. Boston, 1998.
  • Jodl, Miroslav. Proměny křesťanství. Praha : Akropolis, 2005. ISBN 80-7304-065-4.
  • John Witte, Frank S. Alexander. The teachings of modern Orthodox Christianity on law, politics, and human nature. New York, 2007.
  • Kessler, Edward; Wenborn, Neil. A dictionary of Jewish-Christian relations. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-521-73078-5.
  • Kidd, B. J. The churches of eastern christendom : from A.D. 451 to the present time. London : Kegan Paul, 2006. ISBN 0-7103-1081-1.
  • Kim, Heerak Christian. Hebrew, Jewish, and early christian studies : academic essay. Cheltenham : Hermit Kingdom, 2005. ISBN 1-59689-014-2.
  • Kratochvíl, Zdeněk. Studie o křesťanství a řecké filosofii. Praha : Česká křesťanská akademie, 1994. ISBN 80-85795-06-X.
  • Marsh, Richard. Prayers from the East : traditions of Eastern Christianity. Minneapolis : Fortress Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8006-3655-4.
  • Ramet, Sabrina P. Eastern Christianity and politics in the twentieth century. Durham, 1988.
  • Runciman, Steven. The Eastern schism : a study of the papacy and the Eastern Churches during the XIth and XIIth centuries. Eugene : Wipf & Stock, 2005. ISBN 1597520969.
  • Stump, Eleonore,; Kretzmann, Norman. The Cambridge companion to Augustine. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-521-65985-X.
  • Waldstein-Wartenberg, Berthold. Řád johanitů ve středověku : kulturní dějiny řádu. Praha : Academia, 2008. ISBN 978-80-200-1381-1.
  • Wheatcroft, Andrew. Nevěřící : střety křesťanstva s islámem v letech 638-2002. Praha : BB art, 2006. ISBN 80-7341-832-0.

Study plans that include the course
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